Five More Traps in Board Papers – How data can mislead

In a previous article, I outlined some of the traps in Board papers, including some related to data. But the subject of how data in Board papers can mislead readers is a rich one, so here are five more traps to look out for. Averages Possibly the best known trap, the...

Eight Common Traps in Board Papers

“Board papers are little bit like a bikini; what they reveal is suggestive, but what they conceal is vital”. With apologies to Irving R Levine INTRODUCTION In theory, the difficult bit about being a NED is supposed to be weighing the numerous, important and complex...

The Document vs Proposal Trap

On the face of it, there are huge similarities between significant business documents – Board submissions, say – and new business proposals. The former provides relevant information in a clear and persuasive manner, so the latter is surely the same, but...